Final Presentation Video!

Here it is, my final project! Enjoy!


Presentation #3 Script

For this project, I am creating a Prezi. To present it, I will film my screen and do a voice-over. To do a voice-over, however, I need a script. SO HERE GOES NOTHING-

Hello, I’m Jacob Steiner and this is my final Theory of Knowledge presentation, presentation number three. This project was very open and we could choose to investigate whatever we wanted in any of the Areas of Knowledge and Ways of Knowing. So, without further ado, I present to you my essential question —

*change to next pathway point – essential question*

— Who owns ideas? Why can knowledge be connected directly to one person? Hank Green, one of the Vlogsbrothers, explains this concept in his video entitled, “On the Ownership of Ideas.” Because he so eloquently conveys his point, I believe it is useful to watch his creation.

*change to next pathway point – Hank Green’s video*

*change to next pathway point – Copyright ©*

In his video, he brought up a specific type of idea-ownership, one prevalent in our society: copyright. When people see the infamous “c” in its protective bubble, they know that laws exist to protect the use of the product or idea. For example, corporations spend money patenting their creations, and for what? To make more money off the people who believe that they created something useful? Shouldn’t that corporation’s wares, if they are truly beneficial to our society, be inexpensive? Ideally, they would be free, but, unfortunately, our society is driven monetarily and there is no changing that. Should only some ideas be officially owned?

*change to next pathway point – Which ideas can be owned?*

Which ideas can be owned? How much can be copyrighted or owned? What makes an idea worthy of ownership? 

*change to next pathway point – Quotes? Literature? Products? etc.*

We all know that quotes are attributed to their primary spokesman, and literature to their authors, but what about other forms of ideas? When we hear the phrase, “don’t cry because it’s over, smile because it happened,” we automatically think of Dr. Seuss (assuming you know who “owns” the quote, of course). When we see Hamlet, we instantly connect it to William Shakespeare because he was the first to put those exact words in that order. When we see colorful, plastic blocks, we instantly say their corporation’s name, “Lego.” When we see the painting “Starry Night,” we instantly imagine Vincent van Gogh. What is stopping people from owning other things like phrases or even individual words? Apparently, not much. In an example I will discuss later, the use of a specific word is trying to be limited by a certain company. This word, a common word, is already used globally.

*change to next pathway point – why are some ideas “own-able?”

Why are some ideas “own-able?” Why are some ideas so common that they require ownership while others are, what, unwanted?  Undesirable? Unattainable? Are some things just so common that they cannot be owned by one entity? Just because someone happened to put together words in a certain order to make a novel or a play, or be the first to put together zeros and ones in a certain order to make a program or an app, should they be able to own that idea? To stop people from creating other goods based off of those ideas? What if someone had the same idea at the same time, but was not influenced by the other?

*change to next pathway point – Infinite Monkey Theorem*

This brings me to my next concept: the Infinite Monkey Theorem. This theorem states that a monkey hitting keys completely at random on a typewriter, for an infinite amount of time, will almost surely type a given text. In a mathematical context, the phrase, “almost surely” has a precise meaning, and the hypothetical monkey represents the randomness of the order that the letters are typed in. As time continues, and as the amount of metaphorical monkeys randomly typing keys on a typewriter increases, the probability that an entire work will be rewritten grows closer and closer to 100%. So, if a work can be rewritten completely by chance, why should ownership of those ideas be allowed and encouraged?

*change to next pathway point – Ownership of ideas in AOKs and WOKs*

Throughout all different Areas of Knowledge, or AOKs, and Ways of Knowing, or WOKs, the ownership of ideas plays a large role.

*change to next pathway point – AOKs and WOKs (Arts, Imagination, Human Sciences*

In The Arts, artists have ownership over their goods. They are free to keep, sell, remake, or even destroy their masterpieces if they so desire. Artists like Vincent van Gogh, Pablo Picasso, Frida Khalo, Diego Ravera, Claude Monet, Salvador Dali, Andy Warhol, et cetera were simply the first ones to paint pieces with those colors and brush strokes. Should they be allowed to own their ideas if they were created for the benefit of the world? Works by all of these artists are in art galleries and museums worldwide today, but should it be illegal to copy one of their ideas? These works are so public, and yet, they are owned. Similarly, in the Human Sciences, concepts, theories, and processes are all owned by certain people. For example, Charles Darwin is known for his ownership over the theory of evolution, and a vital process in organisms consisting of a series of chemical reactions to produce ATP, our source of energy is named “The Krebs Cycle” after its owner’s name, Hans Adolf Krebs. Recently, however, this cycle has been officially renamed to be “The Citric Acid Cycle.” This renaming has, in effect, taken away Krebs’s ownership of the cycle. Is this a good thing or a bad thing? Lastly, imagination, a Way of Knowing, is nearly “un-ownable.” Like Hank Green talked about in his video, he thought of an idea at the same time as a popular show. Just because Hank’s version was released days before the televised version, does not mean that his Green’s idea was “stolen” by the show writers. People have ideas concurrently, and an ownership of these ideas can be extremely limiting to creativity and production of goods. I hope this is all making sense to you. If it’s not —

*change to next pathway point – Relevant real world example”

— here’s a real-world example relating to something a lot of people can understand.

*change to next pathway point – Candy Crush Saga*

The owner, King, of the famous cell phone video game, Candy Crush Saga, trademarked the word “candy.” Supposedly to protect the game from persistent intellectual property, or IP, infringements, the company put in, and was granted by the European Union, a request to trademark the commonly used word. The acquisition of ownership of the word “candy” means that it can no longer be used in games in addition to clothes and footwear. Without paying King, and their agreeing to the production of the proposed good, the word cannot be used. King’s ownership of the commonly used word is to stop the production of games similar to Candy Crush Saga © and the use of their logo on clothing and footwear. Is that fair? Should they be allowed to own a single word?

*go through the remaining pathway points reading the words*

Ideas (like all knowledge) cannot be owned, but need to be shared. Thank you.

Final Presentation Planning Doc #3

Estimated Timing of Pres 10 minutes


Topic (why is it significant?): Language, The Arts, Emotion, Imagination

Essential Question: Who owns ideas?

1.     What is the real life situation under consideration?

Copyright laws are prevalent in our society. With the internet and people creating all new words, who owns them? Why do quotes become property of their writers? People feel ownership over their ideas.

2.     What is the TOK knowledge issue(s) (questions) that will be the focus of your presentation?

Who owns language? How are literary works owned? Are all forms of art owned (the arts, language arts)? Can peoples’ ideas be owned?

a.     How will you identify the knowledge issue(s)?

I will provide examples of literary and artist works that have been owned and copyrighted. I will also talk about the Infinite Monkey Theorem which states that a monkey randomly hitting the keys of a typewriter for an infinite amount of time will eventually type a given text (such as the works of Shakespeare).

b.     How will you show your personal perspective?

We have had to study works of literature and cite people throughout all of school, by why do we need to cite them? Just because someone said particular words in a certain order, why can they then own those words and thoughts?

c.     How will you make connections to other Ways of Knowing or Areas of Knowledge?

I will connect it to The Arts as an AOK, and Language, Emotion, and Imagination as WOKs.

d.     How will you examine the knowledge claims and possible counterclaims (i.e different perspectives)? Tip: ask yourself, what would someone who disagrees with the claim say, and what reasons would he give? What about someone from a different culture, age group, religion, class, educational background?

The internet plays a huge role in the lives of younger generations. As we progress to become more “online,” the copyright laws and ownership of ideas is shifting. Prior to the internet, once someone produced an idea or patented an item, it was theirs. Nowadays, you can do covers of songs on YouTube, and YouTube will put ads on the video instead of removing it for copyright violations.

e.     How will you examine the implications of knowledge?

How does owning an idea affect how the world can progress? How important is copyrighting? Should everything be copyrighted, even the “Happy Birthday” song?

f.      If there is bias, how will you examine that? What about assumptions and presuppositions?

Many people believe that copyrights are important to give people credit for “originally” thinking of ideas and they deserve to be subsidized for other people using their “creations.”

Type of Presentation: Text animation video

Items you will need (e.d handouts, costumes, script, projector): Computer, projector, online resources, computer microphone

Internal Assessment and Planning Doc #2

For this project, I worked with Zoe to create a presentation answering the question, “Is math discovered or created?” To view our Prezi, click the link below.


Below is our planning document:


Group member: Jacob Steiner and Zoe Cook

Estimated Timing of Pres: 20 minutes


Topic (why is it significant?): Math

Essential Question: Is mathematics discovered or created?

1.     What is the real life situation under consideration?

  • is math worth studying? does the origin of the knowledge affect whether or not its worth studying?

2.     What is the TOK knowledge issue(s) (questions) that will be the focus of your presentation?

  • Is mathematics created by humans or discovered from the natural world?
  • Does the way we perceive knowledge affect what it “actually” is? Is it “actually” anything?

3.     Write a summary in note form (like a bulleted list) of the way you plan to deal with the

a.     How will you identify the knowledge issue(s)?

  • clearly identify the two main knowledge questions and explain what exactly they mean, giving the example of mathematics (as shown in the video)

b.     How will you show your personal perspective?

  • examples of knowledge that we have learned in our classes

c.     How will you make connections to other Ways of Knowing or Areas of Knowledge?

  • an examination of each of the Areas of Knowledge and whether they are created or intrinsically existent
  • mathematics
  • history (two Nikola Teslas video, maybe)
  • the arts/ethics (math as an aesthetic, Alain Badiou)
  • sense perception’s lack of ability to connect to math

d.     How will you examine the knowledge claims and possible counterclaims (i.e different perspectives)? Tip: ask yourself, what would someone who disagrees with the claim say, and what reasons would he give? What about someone from a different culture, age group, religion, class, educational background?

  • “mathematics is created” and “mathematics is discovered” are counterclaims to one another, so each will be examined with respect to the other, including schools of thought and philosophers from each side

e.     How will you examine the implications of knowledge?

  • what does it mean is knowledge is not intrinsic, but created? does it make knowledge worth any less? does it affect the way we will use knowledge?

f.      If there is bias, how will you examine that? What about assumptions and presuppositions?

  • bias towards wanting knowledge to be external, to be discovered, that we aren’t just making up things to

Type of Presentation: Prezi?

Items you will need (e.d handouts, costumes, script, projector): projector, notes, computer

“To know that we know what we know, and that we do not know what we do not know, that is true knowledge.” – Confucius

Burning House Challenge

Burning House Challenge

Above is a picture of the seven things I would save in the second I had before my things would be gone forever.

1.     In this zip-lock bag is the first tooth I ever lost. Beside it is a hand-written note addressed to the tooth fairy asking her to leave me my tooth. In the note, I also asked her what her name was. I’ve kept this memento for about 13 years and don’t plan on losing it now. This decision is emotional because this tooth serves no rational purpose.

2.     My computer. How could I live without my computer? Answer: I couldn’t. This is a rational decision because my computer is one of the most valuable – money-wise – things I own.

3.     This is my baby blanket. Hand-sewn by my grandmother, I use to wrap myself in it and fall asleep in the cocoon it made around me. On it is a bear made up of different colors. This is completely an emotional decision because I don’t think I could live with myself if I let this burn to ashes.

4.     When I was little, growing up in Los Angeles, my dad and I used to go to Dodger games all the time because he’s a huge baseball fan. Eric Gagne, an ex-pitcher for the team, was feared by most. When he was brought out, the “game [was] over”. He also had an iconic goatee which is why there are threads coming out of his chin on the shirt. This decision is half emotional and half rational. This shirt reminds me of when I was kid going to games with my dad, but it is also worth something because Gagne is no longer playing with the Dodgers.

5.     My camera bag: home to my camera and three lenses. This was one of my few big purchases made with money I had saved up. If my house burned down, I would be willing to sell it for some extra money, making this a rational decision.

6.     Children’s Bedtime Stories was one of my favorite books as a kid. Every night, I would ask my mom to read to me, she would say “choose a story”, and I would like through the seemingly endless index of adventures. Saving this is based on emotions because it is another childhood memento that I couldn’t bare to let go.

7.     Bella, my dog, has been with my family for 13 years. Having been rescued off of the 405 Freeway in Los Angeles when she was two, she has been through a lot. To have her life end in a flame would be unbearable. I think I would be just as depressed losing her as losing the rest of my things. This decision is emotional because, in reality, pets serve little to no purpose. Keeping her would burden my family if we were out of a place to live, but she’s worth the challenge.